Step By Step: How to Change A Tyre

It is important to know exactly how to change a tyre in case you end up into a messy situation on the side of the highway. Some of us have people to call in these cases but there are occasions where you might be far out and help could take some time to arrive. Here is an easy step-by-step tutorial on how to change your tyres.

  1. Firstly, make sure that you stop on the side of the road where it is safe and you have enough space to change the tyre. Always be aware of the oncoming traffic where you are changing the tyre.
  2. Making sure that you have all the necessary tools to do this job is an important factor. You will need a tyre iron, a jack, a spare tyre that is properly inflated and fit for the purpose, as well as the manual for the car. This manual will give you the necessary instructions on how to change the tyre if there are specific features your car may have.
  3. Make sure that you have the handbrake activated before you start with the wheel changing process. It is also important to place an object behind the opposite wheel in case the car starts to roll backwards.
  4. On most cars, there are indentations under the car that make for a stable place to place the car jack. You can see where these indentations are by means of small markings along the side of the car. The side of the car has to be at least twenty centimetres off the ground so that you can easily change the part.
  5. You will need to remove the hubcap so that you can reach the tyre. The hubcap has been clipped on and can be removed by wedging the flat part of the tyre iron into the crevice of the cap. The hubcap is the part of the tyre that protects the lug nuts beneath.
  6. Loosen the lug nuts using the correct side of the iron. Some cars have special adaptors that fit onto the nuts. You won’t need to completely remove the lug nuts as of yet. You can remove them as soon as you have taken the tyre off of the wheel. The tyre should simply click out of place and be easy to remove.
  7. Fit the spare tyre to the wheel piece. The bolts have to line up with the holes. Place the lug nuts onto the bolts and start tightening it equally by hand. You can then use the iron to tighten the nuts properly without having wasted too much energy. Do not over fasten as it could break.
  8. You can then place the hubcap back onto the face and lower the car. The spare tyre should only be used for emergency moments. You will notice that they are narrower than a regular tyre.

Now you can drive safely to a fitment centre. As soon as you get there you should get the tyre replaced.

A New Age: Modern Wheel and Tyre Concepts

As we move into the future there are more ideas and concepts reaching the drawing board in order to improve the way we live. We are seeing interesting car designs and, with it, remarkable modern wheel and tyre concepts.

  • Modern Tyre Concepts

Have you noticed that the modern versions of tyres have more geometric patterns with a stronger and bolder appearance? We are lucky that our generation is moving to a more practical state of living and considering every aspect of comfort and design before manufacturing.We are also seeing more unusual colours coming into the picture. Why? Designers find different materials for reinforcement components. Then they use paint or resin which gives the tyre colour and a more attention-grabbing design structure.

Designers and engineers are also starting to find ways to get more air into the tyres. This might sound crazy considering how racers try to get their tyres as hot as possible. Certain tyres have not been designed to be in contact with such heat. So by adding such new features we might be saving our tyres from being replaced so often.

We are also seeing wheels are becoming wider, whether you have a high performance car or not. The first cars made had skinny little wheels that would wobble if the driver went a little too quickly along the brick road. These wider wheels give the car more stability on the road especially when taking corners.

  • Modern Wheel Concepts

Modern wheels resemble Ninja stars and mini blades. The wheels are less bulky using less alloy material. There are more spaces between the decorative spokes that add to the lightness of it.We are also starting to see more colours being painted onto the surface. Some colours are matte which is different from the standard glossy paint. Other colours are metallic which create the appearance of a shimmer of sunlight bouncing of the wheels.

Angles are popular in modern wheel designs. Certain angles can actually influence the driving ability of the car. If the angle is facing away from the front of the car, then the wheel was designed to improve your aerodynamics.

We can also see that where the spoke starts at the centre of the wheel the metal protrudes slightly making it more difficult to remove the branded disc in the middle. These are valuable on backstreet markets so thieves tend to steel them and resell them. So the metal protrusion discourages such theft.

It is a good thing that wheels and tyres designs are evolving with the times. People always want to get a fresh new look that could potentially perfect our driving.

How to Keep Your Wheel Wells Clean

Although many car parts are not seen on the surface, it’s important to keep everything as clean as possible including the wheel wells. Firstly, what is a wheel well? This is the part that surrounds the wheel and tyre from behind thus making a protective enclosure and space for the tyre to fit in.

Before starting with this particular job, remove the tyre and wheel from the axle to manage a proper and thorough clean. Many people make it a monthly task to keep this part of the car clean. The chances of grease and dust particles getting embedded are quite high; which could make for an unpleasant drive in the future. This might not cause any major damage but any dust particles in the mechanisms would be noticed.

Many people prefer to do a simple wash with a high pressure hose because it takes less time. There is no problem with this type of wash but it won’t be good enough if you are going to add a coating of paint to protect the metal.

When using industrial cleaning products, make sure that you use non-wax chemicals to avoid having an unpleasant and pointless finish. The best type of cleaner to use for this job would be a water based product to avoid corroding of the metal and unnecessary rusting.

Before fitting the wheel back in place, scrub the entire inside of the well with a brush to loosen the tougher particles. The dirt may also attach onto the enamel pieces so make sure that you do all the necessary painting before putting the wheel onto the axle again.

People who do customisations prefer to use a wheel well liner to avoid cleaning the cracks and crevices in this difficult to reach place. The liner doesn’t cover the entire well but rather the gap that needs to be kept from air exposure.

The liner is also easier to clean. With this component, give it a quick dust off and wash it with water or an aqua based cleaner. Over time it may also lose some of the paint so to keep it looking fresh and new, apply the proper paint or coating when necessary.

Cars are important machines in this day and age which need constant care, cleaning and maintenance. If you are unsure about how to do a certain car related task, it would be ideal to ask assistance from someone who is familiar with tyres or vehicle maintenance.

What Is The Difference Between A Wheel And A Tyre?

There are many interesting facts that people don’t realise. One of them would be that there really is a difference between a wheel and a tyre.

What is a wheel?

A wheel is the part of the car that is known as the part that is rounded and is attached to an axle and a hub. This does not include the tyre and the mag. The hub is the section that allows the rounded part of the wheel to be fixed to the axle, and is also known as the mounting assembly. It often has something called a hub cap to protect this piece.

Did you know that the wheel came before the tyre? The carriages, old fashioned tractors and ploughs were made with this handy invention. The whole purpose of the wheel was to assist with easy movement which made life and travelling easier as well as cheaper than riding a horse!.

What is a tyre?

The tyre is simply the part that is made out of rubber and assists the car with more practical movement. The rubber grips the road to avoid a no-friction experience. Think of roller skating and how a simple push will get you far. Before we had cars, horses and cattle would pull the transport along. However cars don’t require to be pulled, rather there are many spinning parts thus the car will need something to assist with the forward movement.

So what is a mag?

The word mag sounds unique and unexpected when mentioning it in general conversation. But did you know that its name originates from the word magnesium? The component is not made completely out of magnesium but rather partnered up with aluminium. Aluminium can be bent easily and moulded into different shapes but when combined with magnesium extra strength is added so that the mag remains light. This became a common trend in the 1960’s when they were first produced.

When we speak in normal conversation, we always refer to the mag as the wheel or the tyre and wheel component as a wheel. This has made terms easier since people who are only interested in customisations aren’t interested in the mechanical factor or the car.

When speaking to a professional, they expect to have the correct information if you arrive with a problem. A professional will be more familiar with the correct terms for tyres, wheels and mags because it is something that they work with every day.

The Perfect Long Distance Road Trip

A quiet drive along a long endless road is definitely a perfect road trip. You see the cars in front of you but you don’t worry about them at all. What has made your road trip such a soothing experience?

The lulling sound of the tyres rotating against the tar gives you a gentle and constant sound that allows you to think and concentrate at the same time. The wheels are quiet and secure to the car and everything is running smoothly.

Road trips are often considered as long and tiring adventures that are only fun for the passengers in the car. However it can be soothing for the driver too because whilst you have a couple of hours ahead of you, you can make so many decisions that will leave you tranquil and calm when you get to your destination.

The most amazing feeling on an endless road is the slight breeze coming through the crack of the window. It leaves a cool atmosphere in the car and has a clean smell that only nature can provide.

If you are travelling during the summer season, the trip can still be tranquilizing. The warmth the sun leaves on the dashboard reminds us that we are on our way to a long deserved break, even if it is not during the peak holiday season.

So what makes us feel so relaxed when we are sitting in the car and driving?

The constant sound we hear is the sound of the tyres. It isn’t a noticeable sound but we do hear it. That would be the sound of healthy, stealthy tyres with a maintained tread pattern. We also find it easy to drive without moving the wheel too much because the tyres have been aligned and balanced. Alignment and balance allow the wheels to point in the correct direction without moving at a slight obstacle. This would be the sound of a well maintained car with proper mechanical working parts.

It is important to have all elements of the car looked at. Not only does it benefit you but it also keeps you, your family or passengers safe on any road trips. The idea of good tyres is to assist with travelling short or long distances.

To makes sure that all your car’s components are working, it would be wise to visit a tyre specialist. These professionals know how important it is to have a safe and comfortable road trip.

What Is Nitrogen Inflation?

Nitrogen is a type of gas that you can use to fill your tyres. This gas works well with passenger cars because they are lighter in weight. Nitrogen inflation is the process of replacing regular compressed air with this gas. There are two different techniques of tyre inflation that can both be beneficial to different types of cars.

Nitrogen inflation allows the tyres to lose air at a slower rate. This is possible because the molecules are smaller than regular oxygen which means it’s harder for the gasses to escape smaller gaps in the tyres.

One of the advantages of replacing regular compressed air, which is concentrated oxygen, with concentrated nitrogen is that it won’t cause resistance allowing you to use less fuel overall. This is beneficial since the fuel economy is at its worse and the less fuel we use on a daily basis the better it will be on our pockets.

Nitrogen doesn’t change temperature much when the car is in motion. High temperatures can damage the tread of the tyres plus it can cause wear and damage. The quality of the tyre endures also because the pressure within it doesn’t drop rapidly causing wear on the edges of the tyre.

With this relatively new inflation technique, the tyre and the tread have better grip. The improved grip comes from the strong resistance to pressure leaving the extruding parts to remain “popped out”. The weight of the car plus the motion when driving applies high force on the tyre which leads to deflation.

Nitrogen Inflation is perfect for all weather conditions because of its ability to retain tyre pressure in any temperature. Nitrogen also has less humidity and is less prone to create water inside the tyre. Water and moisture inside the rubber could cause terrible rotting leaving you with a destroyed element that will need to be replaced. Because nitrogen has less moisture in its composition, it is lighter than normal air.

Many racers would choose to have their tyres filled with nitrogen gas because of how light and efficient it will make the racing process. There will be less friction on the track and less wear on unnecessary parts of the rubber.

When choosing different accessories and installations for your car, it is wise to consider those items that will lead you to spend less money in the long run. This means that you need to find parts and components that will allow the car to use less fuel. Nitrogen tyre inflation is a very good option when it comes to being economical as not only is it lighter in weight and light on fuel but it also helps the environment and causes less gas to escape the car.

Sounds to Listen Out For When Driving

Driving is a task everyone is bound to do sooner or later. The downside is that not everyone knows the different sounds a car makes and what they mean. Here are few sounds that you should familiarise yourself with.

  • Hissing Sounds

Generally when you hear a hissing sound it means that there is air escaping somewhere in the engine. It could also mean that there may be liquid leaking. This sound is caused by worn elements inside the gasket. An easy way to test if this is a problem is by safely blocking the exhaust pipe and looking for the area the gas is escaping. Remember that gasses are only supposed to leave the car from one place.

  • Squealing Brakes

Have you ever heard a high pitched sound when you apply the brakes? This is not a good thing so make sure that you get it checked. When the brake pads are worn they are rubbing against other metal parts which produce that sound.

  • Knocking

When you hear knocking it could mean many faulty mechanisms. Usually when you hear that knocking sound in the engine or axles, it means that there is not enough oil or lubrication to allow a frictionless motion inside the engine. Don’t allow it to get to this point because without the oil, the metal parts will wear away. This could potentially lead to needing the whole engine replaced.

  • Roaring or Humming Sound

If you hear roaring or humming sounds whilst driving it could be the tyres or the bearings. Perfectly maintained tyres should not make a sound at all. Wheel bearings could make this sound when turning the wheels slightly thus indicating that the bearings are likely to be worn.

  • Roaring Noises from the Exhaust

This is not a good noise. The purpose of the exhaust pipe is to release the gasses that have been compressed inside the engine. This also means that the exhaust pipe is supposed to get rid of any unwanted gasses. When you hear this sound it means that the exhaust has a hole somewhere. Make sure you get this checked as it could affect the performance of your car.If you ever hear any of these sounds it’s important to get it checked out by a professional. Any strange noise that the car makes could lead to hectic problems whether it’s the tyres or the radiator. The car that you drive should be safe for transportation so make sure that it will keep you safe. Listen to your car.

Minty’s is amongst the leading tyre suppliers in South Africa, and is recognized for our high standard of customer service. We have built a reputation amongst our customers and ensure that they receive tyres and alloy wheels of the highest quality, amongst the largest brands nationwide.

Contact us on Tel: 011 661 4338 / 011 661 4339 or Email: amalgam@mintys.com.

Tyre Specialists Know What They Are Doing

Have you ever gone to a tyre store and wondered which kind wheels you should get? Not everyone knows much about tyres and their different purposes. Tyre specialists know exactly what you need and what each one is used for.

These specialists are trained to know everything about tyres, such as the sizes of the different models and the tread that will work well for your car.

You may have noticed that there are a series of numbers on the sidewall of the wheel. Each size has a specific number which tells the owner what size wheels you will need to install on your car. For example you will get a number such as 215/60R15.

  • 215, as you may have noticed, is the bigger number and is usually first in the series. This number tells the person how wide the tyre is in millimetres.
  • 60 is the number that represents the height of the sidewall. This number is demonstrated as a percentage. The number 60 is the percentage of the width (the number 215) that occupies the sidewall area.
  • R is the radial construction. This measurement is taken from the centre to the outside.
  • 15 is the diameter of the wheels that fit with the tyre. Although, manufacturers usually keep measurements in the same standard units, this number is recorded in inches. Therefore you will need to install 15 inch mags or wheels to fit into the tyre.

This series of numbers has many ways of being represented. There is also another number that could appear on the tyre. An example of this number is 91W. The number 91 is the load rating of the tyre which tells you the maximum amount of weight in kilograms that particular tyre can handle. The number 91 can handle 615 kilograms. The W is the speed rating or index of the tyre. This could be any letter depending on what model and brand of tyre you have. The W specifically means that the tyre is able to accelerate to 270 kilometres per hour.Most people aren’t aware of this information and could buy the wrong the wheels which could have a detrimental impact on their driving. It is advisable to speak to tyre specialists in order for you to receive the correct wheels for your vehicle and your driving style. Rather take the word of a professional who works with wheels and tyres for a living than a friend who simply has an opinion.

Minty’s is amongst the leading tyre suppliers in South Africa, and is recognized for our high standard of customer service. We have built a reputation amongst our customers and ensure that they receive tyres and alloy wheels of the highest quality, amongst the largest brands nationwide.

Contact us on Tel: 011 661 4338 / 011 661 4339 or Email: amalgam@mintys.com.

What Is A Tyre Rotation?

It’s amazing to think how much maintenance is necessary for your tyres and wheels. If you think about it, we are a society that drives around to every single place whether it’s close by or not. It’s no surprise to see how damaged tyres can get.

Imagine if you are the type of person that only turns left. More force will be placed on your left tyres because of the same movement occurring over and over again. The damage that occurs on your tyre will have an uneven drive for you because of how much wear has taken place to the one tyre and not the other. This is an uncomfortable way of driving and could eventually damage the mechanical systems that allow the car to drive straight. The wear on the left tyre could cause you to lose control of the car depending how bad the damage is. Due to the nature of rubber punctures are likely to occur. It is a well-known fact that a punctured tyre is harder to control than a bit of wear.

With that in mind, tyre rotation is the process of allowing even wear on all tyres. By moving from one wheel to the other the mechanic can get the exact amount needed for a comfortable drive.

There are many causes for uneven wear that can be avoided.

Make sure that your wheels are properly aligned. Unaligned wheels put more force on one side than the other. In the end you will have a lopsided car prone to accidents and wheel damage. It is important to get the wheels aligned as often as needed.

Over inflation is another cause of uneven wear. Under inflation can also cause uneven wear on the outside of the tyres.

Other mechanical elements could also be the main cause of this kind of tyre damage. If the shocks don’t allow absorption of the force your tyre could suffer from pressure applied by the car itself.

Drifting around a corner is one of the harshest procedures that can damage the tyres so much that you might have to replace them the same day. Involving hand brake turns and acceleration at the same time will give you the worst uneven wear you will ever see.

To get this problem sorted out, you have to see a tyre specialist who can rotate the tyres. It is important that regular tyre maintenance is done for a safer drive.

Minty’s is amongst the leading tyre suppliers in South Africa, and is recognized for our high standard of customer service. We have built a reputation amongst our customers and ensure that they receive tyres and alloy wheels of the highest quality, amongst the largest brands nationwide.

Contact us on Tel: 011 661 4338 / 011 661 4339 or Email: amalgam@mintys.com.

Different Kinds of Tyre Wear

There are many ways a person drives that can cause wear on a tyre. The question is: what do the different patterns mean?

It might seem difficult to see patterns on the actual tyre opposed to an illustrated image but the easier way to tell that you have damaged treads is to feel if the drive is uneven.

  • Wear in the middle of the tyre

If the edges of the tyre seem as good as new whilst the centre looks smooth, you should know that this is caused by the over inflation of the tyre. The entire flat part should be in contact with the road and overinflating the tyre expands the central area.

  • Wear on the edges

There is overinflating so, subsequently, there is underinflating. This does the complete opposite to the material and damages the edges of the tyre. This could ultimately damage your wheel if you allow it to get to that point.

  • One side of the tyre is worn

Don’t turn too hard around corners. The spinning of the wheels can give the edging noticeable damage. Try to avoid this by taking corners slowly without riding on the clutch too much.

  • Completely smooth rubber

This one is quite obvious. Braking hard could do terrible damage to the tyres. Braking is the process of stopping the wheels from moving. If you brake hard whilst speeding you will run those tyres completely flat. Be aware of this when driving to avoid sudden braking.

  • Diagonal Wear

If you have ever seen diagonal streaks of wear on the tyre you should know that there is a problem with your suspension. This could be a dangerous problem and should be fixed immediately.

  • Randomized Wear

Random patches of wear could mean that your tyres are imbalanced. If you notice this kind of wear make sure you get the tyres rotated by a specialist.

  • Feathered Wear

The concept is similar to stroking a bird. One way will be smooth but stroking the other way will lift all the feathers. This is another type of damage caused by misaligned wheels.Wear can be a danger to you and your family when driving. It’s important to catch the problem early before a serious accident occurs as well as expensive damage to the wheels and the mechanics of the rest of the car. To get these problems sorted out, you should visit a tyre specialist to align, balance and rotate the tyres.

Minty’s is amongst the leading tyre suppliers in South Africa, and is recognized for our high standard of customer service. We have built a reputation amongst our customers and ensure that they receive tyres and alloy wheels of the highest quality, amongst the largest brands nationwide.

Contact us on Tel: 011 661 4338 / 011 661 4339 or Email: amalgam@mintys.com.